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Aplasia Cutis Congenita
May 2002

Q. My son was born with aplasia cutis congenita on his head. It was a small case that is healing very well and has caused no other defects. It's scary because I know this can be a lot worse than what we have experienced. This is our first child and I was wondering if this is something that may happen with our next child? Is it genetic or hereditary or just a thing that happens?

A. Aplasia Cutis Congenita is considered a rare condition, occurring in about 1 per 3500 live births. It is characterized by a failure of the skin to develop in certain areas, most commonly on the scalp. The cause is thought to be due to a defect in the DNA on certain chromosomes. The reason for this is unknown. There can be associated internal conditions in addition to the skin defect, so a thorough evaluation is a good idea. This may require consultation with a children's medical center where specialists in congenital conditions can advise you further.




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