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Alcohol-Induced Chromer Disease

April 2001

Q. My father has recently been diagnosed as having alcohol-induced chromers disease. What is this and is there any hope for the future?

A. I have not heard of "alcohol induced chromers disease", nor did a Medline search reveal any info. I suspect what you may have meant that your dad has is alcohol induced Liver disease. Often this may lead to the build up of iron in the liver which sometimes may be called hemachromatosis. However, true Hemachromatosis is thought to be a distinct genetic abnormality of excessive iron absorption that can cause liver disease independent of alcohol intake.

However, in your dad's case, it sounds like alcohol is the cause of his problem. Excessive alcohol intake (which I would consider to be at least 3 or more servings of alcohol per day) can cause numerous illnesses. Some of the more common include stomach inflammation and ulcers, pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), and hepatitis. One of the more dreaded complications is liver cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), which may then lead to dilated bleeding esophageal vessels and fluid overload. This can be life threatening.

Fortunately, there are some treatments for these conditions, but really no cure once cirrhosis occurs. The key is to try to get the alcoholic to stop drinking ASAP, ideally before these complications occur. There are several Rehab programs available, including AA (Alcohol Anonymous). Also there is a medication called Revia which can help one stay sober. However, one with liver disease should not take it.

Hope this helps some. See Ref for more info.

Ref: http://silk.nih.gov/silk/niaaa1/publication/aa42.htm

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